Is ‘Tawheed Al-Haakimiyyah’ a separate and fourth category of Tawheed?

The following are the verdicts of the senior and respected scholars of our time:

Shaikh al-Albani

“‘Al-Haakimiyyah’ is a branch of the branches of Tawheedul-Uloohiyyah, and those who focus their attention upon this newly invented saying in the present age use it as a weapon not to teach the Muslims the Tawheed that all of the Prophets and Messengers came with, but rather as a political weapon. …So if it were not for the fact that they use this saying as a tool for political propaganda of theirs, then we would say, ‘This is our merchandise that has been returned to us’…. So we are the ones who propagated this hadeeth, and then it reached the others. Then they advanced one part of Tawheedul-Uloohiyyah or worship, with this innovated title for political aims.” (Al-Muslimoon no.639)

Shaikh Bin Baz

The Shaikh was asked:

Question: Eminent father, there are [present] now, those who say that the categories of Tawhid are four, and he says that the fourth category is Tawhid al-Hakimiyyah. So is this correct?

And he replied:

The categories of Tawhid are not four, they are only three as the people of knowledge have said. And Tawhid ul-Haakimiyyah enters into Tawhid ul-Ibaadah. So from Tawhid ul-Ibaadah is to rule by what Allaah has legislated, and the prayer, fasting, zakaah, the hajj and ruling with the legislation, all of this enters into Tawhid ul-Ibaadah.

Shaikh Ibn Uthaimeen

Shaikh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-‘Uthaimeen was asked concerning this, and he replied that:

“Whoever claims that there is a fourth category of tawheed under the title ‘Tawheed al-Haakimiyyah’ is to be counted as an innovator (mubtadi’). So this is an innovated categorisation which emanates from an ignorant person who does not understand anything of the affairs of ‘aqeedah and the deen. This is because ‘al-Haakimiyyah’ falls within Tawheedur-Ruboobiyyah from the aspect that Allaah decrees whatever He wills.

It also enters under Tawheedul-Uloohiyyah in that the servant must worship Allaah according to what He has decreed. So it does not fall outside the three categories of tawheed, which are: Tawheedur-Ruboobiyyah, Tawheedul-Uloohiyyah and Tawheedul-Asmaa was-Sifaat.”

Then, when asked, ‘How are we to rebut them?’ he replied:

“We rebut them by saying to them, ‘What does ‘al-Haakimiyyah’ mean?’ It does not mean except their saying that judgement/decree is for Allaah alone ‘ and that is Tawheedur-Ruboobiyyah. So Allaah, He is the Lord, the Creator, the Sovereign Owner, the One in control of the affairs. But as for what they intend by it and an explanation of the danger of this idea of theirs, then we do not know their intentions and desire, so therefore we cannot estimate the seriousness of this matter.’

[Taken from ‘al-Muslimoon,’ no. 639, 25th of Dhul-Hijjah 1417H which corresponds to Friday the 2nd of May 1997]

Shaikh Salih al-Fawzaan

Questioner 1: There is someone who has made a fourth category for Tawheed and called it Tawheed al-Haakimiyyah.

Shaikh Fawzaan: [interjecting]… This is misguidance…, this is misguidance. This is misguidance and an [unnecessary] addition, which the people of knowledge have not affirmed. Tawheed is but two or three categories… this is contradictory, one person says Tawheed is only one category and another says it is four categories. All of this is misguidance.

Questioner 1: This person’s evidence is that the basis for this categorisation…

Shaikh Fawzaan: [interjecting]… [words unclear].. Tawheed ul-Haakimiyyah an independent category and it does not enter into Tawheed ul-Uloohiyyah? It enters into Tawheed ul-Uloohiyyah! It is a type of worship and is a type of devotion to Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic.

Questioner 2: He says that these three categorisations, al-Uloohiyyah, ar-Ruboobiyyah and al-Asmaa was-Sifaat, he says that this is a matter which is arrived at by the ijtihaad of the scholars, or by way of investigation and analysis (istiqraa’).

Shaikh Fawzaan: That is sufficient for us, we will not add to what they have unanimously agreed upon, and they agree upon this.. [then] there comes an ignoramus in the twentieth century… he says ‘I am a Mujtahid and I will add to what the People of Knowledge have agreed upon’. This is misguidance…

Questioner 2: [interjecting]…

Shaikh Fawzaan: This is clear error! Because al-Haakimiyyah enters into Tawheed ul-Uloohiyyah. Who has made it another category or made it an independent category? Will he make the prayer into a fifth or sixth category and jihaad a seventh category? [Because] all of the types of worship are from the types of Tawheed? This is not correct…

Questioner 2: So this is an innovated saying, this saying [Tawheed ul-Haakimiyyah]?

Shaikh Fawzaan: Yes, there is no doubt in this, it is in opposition to the Ijmaa [of Ahl us-Sunnah]. None of the people of knowledge have ever spoken with it. It is in opposition to the Ijmaa.”

Source: http://www.spubs.com
 
 
Biographies of each of these Shaikhs can be found here:
https://islamtees.wordpress.com/biographies/7-contemporary-scholars/

About islamtees

The Qur'an and Sunnah upon the understanding of the Salafus-Saalih (Righteous Predecessors).
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