Collection of hadiths by subject


We hope the following collection of authentic ahadith prove to be a source of boosting one’s eemaan. We’ve taken care to provide full references which is something we’d like to promote and encourage everyone else to do, especially when quoting ahadith electronically.


BIDAH

1) Narrated Aisha (رضي الله عنه‏) :

Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said, “If somebody innovates something which is not in harmony with the principles of our religion, that thing is rejected.”

[Sahih Bukhari, Volume 3, The Book of Peacemaking, no. 2523]

2) Narrated Sahl bin Sa’d (رضي الله عنه‏) :

I heard the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) saying, “I am your predecessor at the Lake-Fount (Kauthar), and whoever will come to it, will drink from it, and whoever will drink from it, will never become thirsty after that. There will come to me some people whom I know and they know me, and then a barrier will be set up between me and them.” Abu Sa’id Al-Khudri added that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) further said: “I will say those people are from me. It will be said, ‘You do not know what changes and new things they did after you.’ Then I will say, ‘Far removed (from mercy), far removed (from mercy), those who changed (the religion) after me!”

[Sahih Bukhari, Volume 9, The Book of Tribulations and the End of the World, No. 6601]

3) Jabir bin Abdullah (رضي الله عنه‏) said:

…Allaah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) would further say” …The best of the speech is embodied in the Book of Allaah, and the best of the guidance is the guidance given by Muhammad. And the most evil affairs are their innovations;…”

[Sahih Muslim, The Book of Prayer, Chapter: SHORTNESS OF PRAYER AND SERMON, no. 1885]

4) And he (صلى الله عليه وسلم) also said:

“…And every innovation is misguidance and all misguidance is in the Hell-Fire.”

[Reported by an-Nasaa’ee 1/224, also from Jabir bin Abdullah and it is authentic as declared by Shaikhul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah in Majmoo’ul Fataawaa, 3/58]

5) Narrated Aisha (رضي الله عنه‏) that the Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said:

“If anyone introduces into this affair of ours (i.e. Islaam) anything which does not belong to it, it is rejected.”

[Sunan Abu Dawud, Volume 3, Kitab al-Sunnah (Adherence to the Sunnah), no. 4589]

6) Narrated Irbad ibn Sariyah (رضي الله عنه‏) that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said:

“…I enjoin you to fear Allah, and to hear and obey even if it be an Abyssinian slave, for those of you who live after me will see great disagreement. You must then follow my sunnah and that of the rightly-guided caliphs. Hold to it and stick fast to it. Avoid novelties, for every novelty is an innovation, and every innovation is an error.”

[Sunan Abu Dawud, Volume 3, Kitab al-Sunnah (Adherence to the Sunnah), no. 4590]
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DAJJAL

1) Narrated Abu Huraira (رضي الله عنه‏) :

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said, “Shall I not tell you about the dajjal a story of which no prophet told his nation? The dajjal is one-eyed and will bring with him what will resemble Hell and Paradise, and what he will call Paradise will be actually Hell; so I warn you (against him) as Noah warned his nation against him.”

[Sahih Bukhari, Volume 4, The Book of Prophets, No. 3112]

2) Anas b. Malik (رضي الله عنه‏) reported that Allaah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said:

“The Dajjal would be followed by seventy thousand Jews of Isfahan wearing Persian shawls.”

[Sahih Muslim, The Book of Tribulations and the Signs of the Last Hour (41), CHAPTER: THE REMAINING AHADITH PERTAINING TO THE DAJJAL, No. 7034]
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DAWAH

1) Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Amr (رضي الله عنه‏) :

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said, “Convey (my teachings) to the people even if it were a single Aayah (verse/sentence)..”

[Sahih Bukhari, Volume 4, The Book of the Virtues of the Prophet and His Companions, No. 3225]
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EEMAAN (FAITH)

1) Narrated Abu Huraira (رضي الله عنه‏) :

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said, “Faith (Belief) consists of more than sixty branches (i.e. parts). And Haya (This term “Haya” covers a large number of concepts which are to be taken together; amongst them are self respect, modesty, bashfulness, and scruple, etc.) is a part of faith.”

[Sahih Bukhari, Volume 1, The Book of Faith, No. 8]

2) Narrated Anas (رضي الله عنه‏) :

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said, “Whoever possesses the following three qualities will have the sweetness (delight) of faith:

1. The one to whom Allah and His Apostle becomes dearer than anything else.
2. Who loves a person and he loves him only for Allah’s sake.
3. Who hates to revert to Atheism (disbelief) as he hates to be thrown into the fire.”

[Sahih Bukhari, Volume 1, The Book of Faith, No. 15]

3) Narrated Anas (رضي الله عنه‏):

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said, “Whoever said “None has the right to be worshipped but Allah and has in his heart good (faith) equal to the weight of a barley grain will be taken out of Hell. And whoever said: “None has the right to be worshipped but Allah and has in his heart good (faith) equal to the weight of a wheat grain will be taken out of Hell. And whoever said, “None has the right to be worshipped but Allah and has in his heart good (faith) equal to the weight of an atom will be taken out of Hell.”

[Sahih Bukhari, Volume 1, The Book of Faith, No. 42]
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EXCESSIVENESS / EXTREMISM

1) Narrated Abu Huraira (رضي الله عنه‏):

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said, “Religion is very easy and whoever overburdens himself in his religion will not be able to continue in that way. So you should not be extremists, but try to be near to perfection and receive the good tidings that you will be rewarded; and gain strength by worshipping in the mornings, the nights.”

[Sahih Bukhari, Volume 1, The Book of Faith, No. 38]

2) Narrated ‘Aisha (رضي الله عنه‏):

Once the Prophet came while a woman was sitting with me. He said, “Who is she?” I replied, “She is so and so,” and told him about her (excessive) praying. He said disapprovingly, “Do (good) deeds which is within your capacity (without being overtaxed) as Allah does not get tired (of giving rewards) but (surely) you will get tired and the best deed (act of Worship) in the sight of Allah is that which is done regularly.”

[Sahih Bukhari, Volume 1, The Book of Faith, No. 41]

3) The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said:

“I warn you of extremism in the Religion for indeed those that came before you were destroyed due to their extremism in the religion.”

[Reported by an-Nasaa’ee (5/268), ibn Maajah (no. 3029), Ahmad (1/215, 347) with a saheeh sanad]
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FASTING

1) Narrated Sahl (رضي الله عنه‏) :

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said, “There is a gate in Paradise called Ar-Raiyan, and those who observe fasts will enter through it on the Day of Resurrection and none except them will enter through it. It will be said, ‘Where are those who used to observe fasts?’ They will get up, and none except them will enter through it. After their entry the gate will be closed and nobody will enter through it.”

[Sahih Bukhari, Volume 3, The Book of Fasting, No. 1782]

2) Narrated Abu Huraira (رضي الله عنه‏) :

Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said, “Whoever observes fasts during the month of Ramadan out of sincere faith, and hoping to attain Allah’s rewards, then all his past sins will be forgiven.”

[Sahih Bukhari, Volume 1, The Book of Faith, No. 37]

3) Narrated Abu Huraira (رضي الله عنه‏) :

Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said, “Fasting is a shield (or a screen or a shelter). So, the person observing fasting should avoid sexual relation with his wife and should not behave foolishly and impudently, and if somebody fights with him or abuses him, he should tell him twice, ‘I am fasting.” The Prophet added, “By Him in Whose Hands my soul is, the smell coming out from the mouth of a fasting person is better in the sight of Allah than the smell of musk. (Allah says about the fasting person), ‘He has left his food, drink and desires for My sake. The fast is for Me. So I will reward (the fasting person) for it and the reward of good deeds is multiplied ten times.”

[Sahih Bukhari, Volume 3, The Book of Fasting, No. 1780]

4) Narrated Abu Huraira (رضي الله عنه‏) :

Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said, “When the month of Ramadan starts, the gates of the heaven are opened and the gates of Hell are closed and the devils are chained.”

[Sahih Bukhari, Volume 3, The Book of Fasting, No. 1785]

5) Narrated Abu Huraira (رضي الله عنه‏) :

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said, “Whoever does not give up forged speech and evil actions, Allah is not in need of his leaving his food and drink (i.e. Allah will not accept his fasting.)”

[Sahih Bukhari, Volume 3, The Book of Fasting, No. 1789]

6) Narrated Anas bin Malik (رضي الله عنه‏) :

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said, “Take Suhur as there is a blessing in it.”

[Sahih Bukhari, Volume 3, The Book of Fasting, No. 1808]
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7) Narrated Aisha’ (رضي الله عنه‏) :

Allaah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) used to exert himself in devotion during the last ten nights to a greater extent than at any other time.”

[Sahih Muslim, The Book of Fasting, CHAPTER: ONE SHOULD EXERT MORE (IN DEVOTION AND PRAYER) IN THE LAST TEN DAYS OF RAMADAN, No. 2644]
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GRAVE

1) Al-Bara’ bin Azib (رضي الله عنه‏) reported that they (the companions) went out with Allaah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) to the funeral of a man from al-Ansar. They reached the location of the grave before it was dug. The Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) sat down facing the Qiblah; and they sat around him quietly, as if afraid to disturb the birds standing on their heads. He held in his hand a stick with which he was moving the earth. He looked towards the sky, then toward the earth, raising and lowering his eyes three times. He said to them (two or three times),

“Seek refuge in Allah from the punishment in the grave.”

Then he said (three times): “O Allah, I seek refuge in You from the punishment in the grave.”

(*** THE BELIEVER *** )

He (صلى الله عليه وسلم) continued:”Verily, when a believing abd (slave/servant) is at the point of departure from the worldly life, and is about to enter the next life (i.e. he is close to death), angels descend from heaven. Their faces are white (and bright) like the sun. They carry with them a shroud from the clothes of Jannah, and embalmment from the fragrance of Jannah. They sit away from him at the limit of his eyesight.

The angel of death then arrives, sits by his head, and says, “O good and peaceful soul, depart to Allah’s forgiveness and pleasure.”

On hearing this, the soul leaves the body (as easily) as water drops flow from the sprout of a water skin; and he (the Angel of Death) takes it. When the soul leaves the body, all angels between the heavens and the earth, and all angels in the heavens, pronounce salah on him (i.e. they ask that he be forgiven). All the gates of the heavens open for him; the guardians of every gate implore Allah that this soul ascends in their direction.

When the Angel of Death takes the soul, they (other angels) do not leave it in their hand for as little as the blinking of an eye. They take it and place it in their shroud and embalmment. To this apply Allah’s words:

“…Our messengers (the angels) take his soul, and they never neglect their duty.” [Al-Anam 6:61]

There emanates then from the soul the best smelling scent of musk that ever existed on the surface of the earth.

The angels then ascend with it. As they pass by the gathering of angels, they ask them, “What is this good soul?” They (the angels holding it) reply, “He is so and so, the son of so and so,” using the best names with which he had been addressed in the first life. When they reach the lowest heaven, they ask for permission to enter; and the gates open for them. The most elite (angels) of each heaven escort him to the next one, until he reaches the seventh heaven. Allah then says,

“Write My servant’s record in illiyyun, And what will make you know that ‘Illiyyun is? An inscribed register, witnessed by those nearest (to Allah – among the angels)” [Al-Mutaffifin 83:19-21]

Thus, his records are inscribed in Illiyyun; and the angels are told, “Take him back to the earth, because I promised them that from it I create them, into it I return them, and from it I resurrect them once again.” [Taha 20:55]

He is then returned to the earth; and his soul is returned to his body, so that he hears the thumping of his companions’ shoes as they walk away from his grave.

Two angels of severe reprimand then come to him, and shake him. They make him sit up, and ask him, “Who is your Lord?” He replies, “My Lord is Allah.” They ask him, “What is your Deen (religion)?” He replies, “My Deen is Islam.” They ask him, “Who is that man who was sent to you?” He replies, “He is Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم).” They ask him, “What did you do?” He replies, “I read Allah’s Book, believed in it, and obeyed it.” They shake him again, asking, “Who is your Lord? what is your Deen? Who is your Prophet?” And this is the last fitnah (trial) to which the believer is subjected. In this regard, Allah says:

“Allah keeps the believers firm with firm words in the fist life, and in the last one.” [Ibrahim 14:27]

He repeats, “My Lord is Allah, my Deen is Islam, and my Prophet is Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم).” A caller then calls from the heavens, “My servanthas spoken the truth; so provide him with furnishings from Jannah; clothe him from Jannah; and open for him a door to Jannah.” Thus he receives provision and perfume from it; and his grave is spread to the extent of his eyesight. Before him appears a man with a pleasant face, nice garments and a good smell. He says to them, “I am to give you glad tidings that will please you: tidings of Allah’s acceptance, and gardens with everlasting bliss. This is the day that you have been promised.” He responds, “Glad tidings from Allah be to you too. Who are you? Your face is one that brings goodness.” He says, “I am your good deeds. By Allah, I only knew you quick in obeying Allah, and slow in disobeying Him. May Allah reward you with good.”

A door is opened for him to Jannah and another one to the Fire; and he is told, “This (the Fire) would have been your dwelling had you disobeyed Allah. But Allah has substituted it for you with this (Jannah).” When he sees what is awaiting him in Jannah (of pleasures), he says, “O my Lord, speed up the arrival of the Hour (of Resurrection), so that I may rejoin my family and property.” He is told, “Calm down.”

(*** THE DISBELIEVER *** )

And verily when a disbelieving (or disobedient) ‘abd is at the point of departure from the worldly life, and is about to enter the Hereafter, strong hulking angels with dark faces descend to him from the heavens. They bring with them tough fabrics from the Fire. They sit away from him at the limit of his eyesight. The Angel of Death arrives, sits by his head, and says, “O malicious soul, depart to a wrath and anger from Allah.” (On hearing this) it becomes terrified, and clings to the body; but he extracts it (by force), like a skewer is pulled from wet wool, causing the veins and nerves to burst.

Every angel between the heavens and the earth, and every angel in the heavens, curses him. The gates of heaven are shut; the guardians of every date implore Allah that this soul does not ascend in their direction.

When the Angel of Death takes the soul, they (the other angels) do not leave it in his hand for as little as the blinking of an eye. They put it in the fabric that they have (from the Fire); and from it emanates the most repugnant odour of a decaying cadaver that ever existed on the surface of the earth.

The angels then ascend with it. As they pass by gatherings of angels, they ask them, “What is this malicious soul?” The angels holding it respond, “He is so and so, son of so and so,” using the worst names with which he had been addressed in the first life. When they reach the lowest heaven, they ask for permission to enter; but the gates are not opened for him. (Here the Messenger recited: “For them (the disbelievers), the gates of heaven will not be opened; and they will not enter Jannah until the camel goes through the eye of the needle.”) [Al-A’raf 7:40]

Allah then says, “Write his record in Sijjin (a place most low/a place of imprisonment) in the lowest earth.” And they are told, “Take him back to earth, because I promised them that from it I create them, into it I return them, and from it I resurrect them once again.” [Taha 20:55] His soul is then cast down from the heavens without regard; and it falls into his body. (Here Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) recited:

“As for the one who joins partners with Allah, it is as if he plunges down from the skies – whereupon birds snatch him off, or the wind casts him away to a remote place (from Allah’s mercy).” [Al-Hajj 22:31]

His soul is restored to his body, so that he hears the thumping of his companions’ shoes as they walk away from his grave.

Two angels of severe reprimand come to him and shake him. They make him sit up, and ask him, “Who is your Lord?” He replies, “Alas, alas, I do not know!” They ask him, “What is your Deen?” He replies, “Alas, alas, I do not know!” They ask him, “Who is that man who was sent to you?” He cannot recall his name, and he is told, “(His name is) Muhammad!” He says, “Alas, alas, I do not know. I just heard the people say that.” He is then told, “You did not know; and you did not recite (the Qur’an)! A caller calls from the heavens, “He lies! So spread for him furnishings from the Fire; and open for him a door to the Fire.”

Thus its heat and fierce hot wind reach him; and his grave is tightened around him, causing his ribs to break;Before him appears a man with an ugly face, repulsive clothes, and a foul smell; he says, “I am to give you evil tidings that will displease you. This is the day that you have been promised.” He responds, “Evil tidings from Allah be to you too! Who are you? Your face is one that brings evil.” He says, “I am your malicious deeds. By Allah, I only knew you slow in obeying Allah, and quick in disobeying Him. May Allah repay you with evil.”

A blind, deaf, and dumb person is appointed for him. He carries in his hand a sledgehammer that, if it hits a mountain, would turn it to dust. He hits him (with it) once; and he becomes dust. Allah then restores him as he was; and the person hits him again; he sounds a shriek that is heard by everything except men and jinns.

A door is opened for him to the Fire; and he is given the furnishings from the Fire. He then says, “O my Lord! Do not establish the Hour.”

[Recorded by Ahmad, Abu Dawud and others; verified to be authentic by Al-Albani (Sahih ul-Jami’ no. 1676)]

2) Narrated ‘Aisha (رضي الله عنه‏):

Um Habiba and Um Salama mentioned about a church they had seen in Ethiopia in which there were pictures. They told the Prophet about it, on which he said, “If any religious man dies amongst those people they would build a place of worship at his grave and make these pictures in it. They will be the worst creature in the sight of Allah on the Day of Resurrection.

[Sahih Bukhari, Volume 1, The Book of Prayer (08), Hadeeth No. 420]

3) ‘A’isha and Abdullah reported:

As the Messenger of Allaah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) was about to breathe his last, he drew his sheet upon his face and when he felt uneasy, he uncovered his face and said in that very state: Let there be curse upon the Jews and the Christians that they have taken the graves of their Prophets as places of worship. He in fact warned (his men) against what they (the Jews and the Christians) did.

[Sahih Muslim, The Book of Prayer (04), Chapter: Forbiddance to build mosques on the graves and decorating them with pictures and forbiddance to use the graves as mosques, No. 1082]

4) Jundub reported:

I heard from the Prophet of Allaah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) five days before his death and he said: I stand acquitted before Allaah that I took any one of you as friend, for Allaah has taken me as His friend, as he took Ibrahim as His friend. Had I taken any one of my Ummah as a friend, I would have taken Abu Bakr as a friend.Beware of those who preceded you and used to take the graves of their prophets and righteous men as places of worship, but you must not take graves as mosques; I forbid you to do that.

[Sahih Muslim, The Book of Prayer (04), Chapter: Forbiddance to build mosques on the graves and decorating them with pictures and forbiddance to use the graves as mosques, No. 1083]
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HEART-SOFTENING NARRATIONS

All the following ahadith are taken from Sahih Bukhari, Volume 8, The Book of Heart-Softening Narrations:

1) Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas (رضي الله عنه‏):

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said, “There are two blessings which many people lose: (They are) Health and free time for doing good.”

[No. 6006]

2) Narrated Mujahid:

‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar (رضي الله عنه‏) said, “Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) took hold of my shoulder and said,
“Be in this world as if you were a stranger or a traveler.”

The sub-narrator added: Ibn ‘Umar used to say, “If you survive till the evening, do not expect to be alive in the morning, and if you survive till the morning, do not expect to be alive in the evening, and take from your health for your sickness, and (take) from your life for your death.”

[No. 6010]

3) Narrated ‘Abdullah (رضي الله عنه‏):

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said, “The best people are those of my generation, and then those who will come after them (the next generation), and then those who will come after them (i.e. the next generation), and then after them, there will come people whose witness will precede their oaths, and whose oaths will precede their witness.”

[No. 6022]

4) Narrated Abu Huraira (رضي الله عنه‏):

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said, “Richness is not in having many belongings, but richness is the richness of the soul (contentment).”

[No. 6038]

5) Narrated Anas (رضي الله عنه‏) :

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said, “If you knew that which I know, you would laugh little and weep much.”

[No. 6078]

6) Narrated Abu Huraira (رضي الله عنه‏) :

Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said, “The (Hell) Fire is surrounded by all kinds of desires and passions, while Paradise is surrounded by all kinds of disliked undesirable things.”

[No. 6079]

7) Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar (رضي الله عنه‏) :

I heard Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) saying, “People are just like camels, out of one hundred, one can hardly find a single camel suitable to ride.”

[No. 6090]

8) Narrated Jundub (رضي الله عنه‏) :

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said, “He who lets the people hear of his good deeds intentionally, to win their praise, Allah will let the people know his real intention (on the Day of Resurrection), and he who does good things in public to show off and win the praise of the people, Allah will disclose his real intention (and humiliate him).

[No. 6091]

9) Narrated Abu Huraira (رضي الله عنه‏) :

Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said, “The people will sweat so profusely on the Day of Resurrection that their sweat will sink seventy cubits deep into the earth, and it will rise up till it reaches the people’s mouths and ears.”

[No. 6124]
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HELLFIRE

1) Abu Huraira (رضي الله عنه‏) reported Allaah’s Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) as saying:

The fire which sons of Adam burn is only one-seventieth part of the Fire of Hell. His Companions said: By Allaah, even ordinary fire would have been enough (to burn people). Thereupon he said: It is sixty-nine parts in excess of (the heat of) fire in this world each of them being equivalent to their heat.

[Sahih Muslim, The Book of Paradise, its Description, Bounties and Inhabitants (40), CHAPTER: THE DESCRIPTION OF HELL AND THE INTENSITY OF ITS HEAT AND TORMENTS, No. 6811]

2) Samura b. Jundub (رضي الله عنه‏) reported Allaah’s Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) as saying:

There will be some to whose ankels the fire will reach, some to whose knees, some to whose waist the fire will reach, and some to whose collar-bone the fire will reach.

[Sahih Muslim, The Book of Paradise, its Description, Bounties and Inhabitants (40), CHAPTER: THE DESCRIPTION OF HELL AND THE INTENSITY OF ITS HEAT AND TORMENTS, No. 6815]
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HYPOCRITE

1) Narrated Abu Huraira (رضي الله عنه‏) :

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said, “The signs of a hypocrite are three:

1. Whenever he speaks, he tells a lie.
2. Whenever he promises, he always breaks it (his promise).
3. If you trust him, he proves to be dishonest. (If you keep something as a trust with him, he will not return it.)”

[Sahih Bukhari, Volume 1, The Book of Faith, No. 32]

2) Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Amr (رضي الله عنه‏) :

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said, “Whoever has the following four (characteristics) will be a pure hypocrite and whoever has one of the following four characteristics will have one characteristic of hypocrisy unless and until he gives it up.

1. Whenever he is entrusted, he betrays.
2. Whenever he speaks, he tells a lie.
3. Whenever he makes a covenant, he proves treacherous.
4. Whenever he quarrels, he behaves in a very imprudent, evil and insulting manner.”

[Sahih Bukhari, Volume 1, The Book of Faith, No. 33]

3. From Abu Hurairah (رضي الله عنه‏) who said that Allaah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said:

“Two characteristics are not found together in a hypocrite: good manners and understanding of the Religion.”

[at-Tirmidhee (no. 2685)]
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IKHLAAS (SINCERITY)

1) On the authority of ‘Umar bin Al-Khattaab (رضي الله عنه‏), who said: I heard the Messenger of Allaah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) say:

“Indeed actions are by intentions. And indeed every person will receive what he intended. So whoever’s migration was for Allaah and His Messenger, then (indeed) his migration was for Allaah and His Messenger. And whoever’s migration was for a worldly gain or for the marriage of a woman, then his migration was for that which he migrated for.”

[Sahih Bukhari, Volume 1, The Book of Revelation, No. 1]

2) On the authority of Tameem ad-Daaree (رضي الله عنه‏) who said that the Messenger of Allaah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said:

“The religion is sincerity, the religion is sincerity, the religion is sincerity.” They said: “To who O Messenger of Allaah?” He said, “To Allaah, and His Book, and His Messenger, and the Imaams (leaders) of the Muslims, and their common folk.”

[Sahih Muslim, The Book of Faith, no. 98]
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‘ILM (KNOWLEDGE)

1) Narrated Abu Musa (رضي الله عنه‏) :

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said, “The example of guidance and knowledge with which Allah has sent me is like abundant rain falling on the earth, some of which was fertile soil that absorbed rain water and brought forth vegetation and grass in abundance. (And) another portion of it was hard and held the rain water and Allah benefited the people with it and they utilized it for drinking, making their animals drink from it and for irrigation of the land for cultivation. (And) a portion of it was barren which could neither hold the water nor bring forth vegetation (then that land gave no benefits). The first is the example of the person who comprehends Allah’s religion and gets benefit (from the knowledge) which Allah has revealed through me (the Prophets and learns and then teaches others. The last example is that of a person who does not care for it and does not take Allah’s guidance revealed through me (He is like that barren land.)”

[Sahih Bukhari, Volume 1, The Book of Knowledge, No. 79]

2) Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Amr (رضي الله عنه‏) I heard Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) saying,

“Allah does not take away the knowledge, by taking it away from (the hearts of) the people, but takes it away by the death of the religious learned men till when none of the (religious learned men) remains, people will take as their leaders ignorant persons who when consulted will give their verdict without knowledge. So they will go astray and will lead the people astray.”

[Sahih Bukhari, Volume 1, The Book of Knowledge, No. 101]

3) Narrated Anas bin Malik (رضي الله عنه‏) :

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said, “Facilitate things to people (concerning religious matters), and do not make it hard for them and give them good tidings and do not make them run away (from Islam).”

[Sahih Bukhari, Volume 1, The Book of Knowledge, No. 69]

4) Narrated Abu Huraira (رضي الله عنه‏) :

I said: “O Allah’s Apostle! Who will be the luckiest person, who will gain your intercession on the Day of Resurrection?” Allah’s Apostle said: O Abu Huraira! “I have thought that none will ask me about it before you as I know your longing for the (learning of) Hadiths. The luckiest person who will have my intercession on the Day of Resurrection will be the one who said sincerely from the bottom of his heart “None has the right to be worshipped but Allah.”

[Sahih Bukhari, Volume 1, The Book of Knowledge, No. 99]
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ISLAAM

1) Narrated Ibn ‘Umar (رضي الله عنه‏) :

Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said: Islam is based on (the following) five (principles):

1. To testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and Muhammad is Allah’s Apostle.
2. To offer the (compulsory congregational) prayers dutifully and perfectly.
3. To pay Zakat (i.e. obligatory charity) .
4. To perform Hajj. (i.e. Pilgrimage to Mecca)
5. To observe fast during the month of Ramadan.

[Sahih Bukhari, Volume 1, The Book of Faith, No. 7]
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MANNERS / BEHAVIOUR

Envy
1) Narrated Ibn Mas’ood (رضي الله عنه‏):

I heard the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) saying, “There is no envy except in two: a person whom Allah has given wealth and he spends it in the right way, and a person whom Allah has given wisdom (i.e. religious knowledge) and he gives his decisions accordingly and teaches it to the others.”

[Sahih Bukhari, Volume 2, The Book of Obligatory Charity, no. No. 1328]

Generosity
1) Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas (رضي الله عنه‏):

“Allah’s Apostle was the most generous of all the people, and he used to reach the peak in generosity in the month of Ramadan when Gabriel met him. Gabriel used to meet him every night of Ramadan to teach him the Qur’an. Allah’s Apostle was the most generous person, even more generous than the strong uncontrollable wind (in readiness and haste to do charitable deeds).”

[Sahih Bukhari, Volume 1, The Book of Revelation, no. 5]

Gentleness

1) From Abu Hurairah (رضي الله عنه‏) who said that Allaah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said:

“Indeed Allaah is gentle and loves gentleness, and gives due to gentleness that which He does not give due to harshness.”

[Ibn Majah (no. 3688) and Ibn Hibbaan (no. 549)]

Love and Hate

1) From Abu Hurairah (رضي الله عنه‏) who said that Allaah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said:

“Love the one whom you love to a certain degree (moderately), perhaps one day he will be someone for whom you have hatred, and hate the one for whom you have hatred to a certain degree (moderately), perhaps one day he will be one whom you love.”

[at-Tirmidhee (no. 1997)]

Lying

1) Narrated ‘Ali (رضي الله عنه‏) :

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said, “Do not tell a lie against me for whoever tells a lie against me (intentionally) then he will surely enter the Hell-fire.”

[Sahih Bukhari, the Book of Knowledge, No. 107]

Oppression

1) From Jabir ibn ‘Abdullaah (رضي الله عنه‏) who said that Allaah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said:

“Beware of committing oppression for on the Day of Resurrection oppression will be darkness, and beware of avarice for avarice destroyed those who came before your, it led them into shedding blood and into making lawful that which was forbidden for them.”

[Sahih Muslim, The Book of Righteousness, Manners and Joining the Ties of Kinship , Chapter: IT IS FORBIDDEN TO COMMIT OPPRESSION, No. 6248]

Piety / Self-Restraint

1) Narrated An-Nu’man bin Bashir (رضي الله عنه‏) :

I heard Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) saying, ‘Both legal and illegal things are evident but in between them there are doubtful (suspicious) things and most of the people have no knowledge about them. So whoever saves himself from these suspicious things saves his religion and his honor. And whoever indulges in these suspicious things is like a shepherd who grazes (his animals) near the Hima (private pasture) of someone else and at any moment he is liable to get in it. (O people!) Beware! Every king has a Hima and the Hima of Allah on the earth is His illegal (forbidden) things. Beware! There is a piece of flesh in the body if it becomes good (reformed) the whole body becomes good but if it gets spoilt the whole body gets spoilt and that is the heart.’

[Sahih Bukhari, Volume 1, The Book of Faith, No. 49]

Responsibility

1) From ‘Umar (رضي الله عنه‏) who said that Allaah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said:

“Each one of you is a guardian and is responsible for those whom he is in charge of. So the ruler is a guardian and is responsible for his subjects; a man is the guardian of his family and is responsible for those under his care; a woman is a guardian of her husban’s home and is responsible for those under her care; a servant is a guardian of his master’s wealth and is responsible for that which he is entrusted with; and a man is the guardian of his father’s wealth and is responsible for what is under his care. So each one of you is a guardian and is responsible for what he is entrusted with.”

[Sahih Bukhari, Volume 3, The Book of Loans, Loan Payment, Freezing Assets and Bankruptcy, no. 2254]
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MEDINA

Sahih Muslim – Volume 3 – The Book of the Virtues of Madinah.

1) Narrated Anas (رضي الله عنه‏) :

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said, “Medina is a sanctuary from that place to that. Its trees should not be cut and no heresy should be innovated nor any sin should be committed in it, and whoever innovates in it an heresy or commits sins (bad deeds), then he will incur the curse of Allah, the angels, and all the people.”

[Hadeeth No. 1753]

2) Narrated Abu Huraira (رضي الله عنه‏) :

Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said, “I was ordered to migrate to a town which will swallow (conquer) other towns and is called Yathrib and that is Medina, and it turns out (bad) persons as a furnace removes the impurities of iron.

[Hadeeth No. 1757]

3) Narrated Abu Zuhair (رضي الله عنه‏) :

I heard Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) saying, “Yemen will be conquered and some people will migrate (from Medina) and will urge their families, and those who will obey them to migrate (to Yemen) although Medina will be better for them; if they but knew. Sham will also be conquered and some people will migrate (from Medina) and will urge their families and those who will obey them, to migrate (to Sham) although Medina will be better for them; if they but knew. ‘Iraq will be conquered and some people will migrate (from Medina) and will urge their families and those who will obey them to migrate (to ‘Iraq) although Medina will be better for them; if they but knew.”

[Hadeeth No. 1761]

4) Narrated Sa’d (رضي الله عنه‏) :

I heard the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) saying, “None plots against the people of Medina but that he will be dissolved (destroyed) like the salt is dissolved in water.”

[Hadeeth No. 1763]

5) Abu Said Al-Khudri :

Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) told us a long narrative about Ad-Dajjal, and among the many things he mentioned, was his saying, “Ad-Dajjal will come and it will be forbidden for him to pass through the entrances of Medina. He will land in some of the salty barren areas (outside) Medina; on that day the best man or one of the best men will come up to him and say, ‘I testify that you are the same Dajjal whose description was given to us by Allah’s Apostle .’ Ad-Dajjal will say to the people, ‘If I kill this man and bring him back to life again, will you doubt my claim?’ They will say, ‘No.’ Then Ad-Dajjal will kill that man and bring him back to life. That man will say, ‘Now I know your reality better than before.’ Ad-Dajjal will say, ‘I want to kill him but I cannot.’ “

[Hadeeth No. 1768]

6) Narrated Anas (رضي الله عنه‏) :

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said, “O Allah! Bestow on Medina twice the blessings You bestowed on Mecca.”

[Hadeeth No. 1771]
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PARADISE

1) Anas b. Malik (رضي الله عنه‏) reported that Allaah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said:

In Paradise there is a street to which they would come every Friday. The north wind will blow and would scatter fragrance on their faces and on their clothes and would add to their beauty and loveliness, and then they would go back to their family after having an added lustre to their beauty and loveliness, and their family would say to them: By Allaah, you have been increased in beauty and loveliness after leaving us, and they would say: By Allaah, you have also increased in beauty and loveliness after us.

[Sahih Muslim, The Book of Paradise, its Description, Bounties and Inhabitants (40), CHAPTER: THERE IS A STREET IN PARADISE WHERE THE INMATES OF PARADISE WOULD GET FAVOUR AND GRACE, No. 6792]

2) Hammam b. Munabbih reported: These are some of the ahidith which Abu Huraira reported from Allaah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) and one is this that he is reported to have said:

The (members of the) first group that would be admitted to Paradise would have their faces as bright as full moon during the night. They would neither spit nor suffer catarrh, nor void excrement. They would have their utensils and their combs made of gold and silver and the fuel of their braziers would be aloes and their sweat would be musk and every one of them would have two spouses (so beautiful) that the marrow of their shanks would be visible through the flesh. There would be no dissension amongst them and no enmity in their hearts. Their hearts would be like one heart, glorifying Allaah morning and evening.

[Sahih Muslim, The Book of Paradise, its Description, Bounties and Inhabitants (40), CHAPTER: THE DESCRIPTION OF PARADISE AND THE REMEMBRANCE OF ALLAAH BY ITS INMATES MORNING AND EVENING, No. 6797]

3) Abu Huraira (رضي الله عنه‏) reported Allaah’s Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) as saying:

He who would get into Paradise (would be made to enjoy such an everlasting) bliss that he would neither become destitute, nor would his clothes wear out, nor his youth would decline.

[Sahih Muslim, The Book of Paradise, its Description, Bounties and Inhabitants (40), CHAPTER: THE EVERLASTING BLISS FOR THE INMATES OF PARADISE, No. 6802]

4) Abu Sa’id al-Khudri and Abu Huraira both reported Allaah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) as saying:

There would be an announcer (in Paradise) who would make this announcement: Verily there is in store for you (everlasting) health and that you should never fall ill and that you live (for ever) and do not die at all. And that you would remain young and never grow old. And that you would always live in affluent circumstances and never become destitute, as words of Allaah, the Exalted and Glorious, are:” And it would be announced to them: “This is the Paradise. You have been made to inherit it for what you used to do”. (Surah Al-Araf (7):43)

[Sahih Muslim, The Book of Paradise, its Description, Bounties and Inhabitants (40), CHAPTER: THE EVERLASTING BLISS FOR THE INMATES OF PARADISE, No. 6803]

5) Abu Bakr b. Abdullah b. Qais reported on the authority of his father that Allaah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said that in Paradise there would be a tent made of a single hollowed pearl, the breadth of which would be sixty miles from all sides and there would live a family in each corner and the other would not be able to see the believer who goes around them.

[Sahih Muslim, The Book of Paradise, its Description, Bounties and Inhabitants (40), CHAPTER: THE DESCRIPTION OF THE TENTS FOR THE INMATES OF PARADISE, No. 6805]

6) Abu Huraira (رضي الله عنه‏) reported Allaah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) as saying:

Saihan, Jaihan, Euphrates and Nile are all among the rivers of Paradise.

[Sahih Muslim, The Book of Paradise, its Description, Bounties and Inhabitants (40), CHAPTER: WHAT RIVERS OF THE WORLD WOULD BE FOUND IN PARADISE, No. 6807]
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SHIRK

1) From Ibn Masood (رضي الله عنه‏) that the Messenger of Allaah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said:

“Whoever dies while still supplicating to other than Allaah as a rival (to Him), will enter the Fire.”

[Reported by Bukharee, Kitaab ut-Tafseer no. 4497]

2) From Jaabir bin ‘Abdullaah (رضي الله عنه‏) that the Messenger of Allaah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said:

“Whoever meets Allaah without associating anything with Him will enter paradise and whoever meets Him associating anything with Him will enter the Fire.”

[Reported by Muslim, Kitaab ul-Imaan no. 151-152]
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SIGNS OF THE HOUR

1) Narrated Anas (رضي الله عنه‏) :

Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said, “From among the portents of the Hour are (the following):

1. Religious knowledge will be taken away (by the death of Religious learned men).
2. (Religious) ignorance will prevail.
3. Drinking of Alcoholic drinks (will be very common).
4. There will be prevalence of open illegal sexual intercourse

[Sahih Bukhari, Volume 1, The Book of Knowledge, no. 80]

2) Narrated Abu Huraira (رضي الله عنه‏):

Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said, “The Hour will not be established
(1) till two big groups fight each other whereupon there will be a great number of casualties on both sides and they will be following one and the same religious doctrine,
(2) till about thirty Dajjals (liars) appear, and each one of them will claim that he is Allah’s Apostle,
(3) till the religious knowledge is taken away (by the death of Religious scholars),
(4) earthquakes will increase in number,
(5) time will pass quickly,
(6) afflictions will appear,
(7) Al-Harj, (i.e., killing) will increase,
(8) till wealth will be in abundance – so abundant that a wealthy person will worry lest nobody should accept his Zakat, and whenever he will present it to someone, that person (to whom it will be offered) will say, ‘I am not in need of it,
(9) till the people compete with one another in constructing high buildings,
(10) till a man when passing by a grave of someone will say, ‘Would that I were in his place,
(11) and till the sun rises from the West.

So when the sun will rise and the people will see it (rising from the West) they will all believe (embrace Islam) but that will be the time when: (As Allah said,) ‘No good will it do to a soul to believe then, if it believed not before, nor earned good (by deeds of righteousness) through its Faith.’ (6.158) And the Hour will be established while two men spreading a garment in front of them but they will not be able to sell it, nor fold it up; and the Hour will be established when a man has milked his she-camel and has taken away the milk but he will not be able to drink it; and the Hour will be established before a man repairing a tank (for his livestock) is able to water (his animals) in it; and the Hour will be established when a person has raised a morsel (of food) to his mouth but will not be able to eat it.”

[Sahih Bukhari, Volume 9, The Book of Tribulations and the End of the World, No. 6664]
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SINS

1) From Ibn ‘Abbaas (رضي الله عنه‏) who said that Allaah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said:

“There is no believing servant except that he has a sin which he commits from time to time, or a sin which he persists in and does not abandon until he leaves this world. Indeed the Believer was created as one who is frequently tried and tested, who often repents and (then) forgets. When he admonished he accepts the admonition.”

[at-Tabaraanee in al-Mu’jamul Kabeer (no. 11, 810)]

2) From Sahl Ibn Sa’d (رضي الله عنه‏) who said that Allaah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said:

“Beware of sins which are treated as being minor, just like a people who encamp in the centre of a valley, so someone brings a stick of firewood and someone else brings a stick until they are therefore able to bake their bread. Likewise sins which are treated as being minor and for which the person is taken to account will destroy him.”

[Ahmad (5/331), at-Tabaraanee in al-Kabeer (no. 5872) and as-Sagheer (no. 904)]
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STORIES

Story of the Leper, the Bald Man and the Blind Man

Narrated Abu Huraira (رضي الله عنه‏), that he heard Rasulullah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) saying:

Allah willed to test three who were a leper, a blind man and a bald-headed man.
So, he sent them an angel who came to the leper and said, “What thing do you like most?” He replied, “Good color and good skin, for the people have a strong aversion to me.” The angel touched him and his illness was cured, and he was given a good color and beautiful skin. The angel asked him, “What kind of property do you like best?” He replied, “Camels (or cows).” (The narrator is in doubt, for either the leper or the bald-headed man demanded camels and the other demanded cows.) So he (i.e. the leper) was given a pregnant she-camel, and the angel said (to him), “May Allah bless you in it.”

The angel then went to the bald-headed man and said, “What thing do you like most?” He said, “I like good hair and wish to be cured of this disease, for the people feel repulsion for me.” The angel touched him and his illness was cured, and he was given good hair. The angel asked (him), “What kind of property do you like best?” He replied, “Cows.” The angel gave him a pregnant cow and said, “May Allah bless you in it.”

The angel went to the blind man and asked, ‘What thing do you like best?’ He said, “(I like) that Allah may restore my eye-sight to me so that I may see the people.” The angel touched his eyes and Allah gave him back his eye-sight. The angel asked him, “What kind of property do you like best?” He replied, “Sheep.” The angel gave him a pregnant sheep.

Afterwards, all the three pregnant animals gave birth to young ones, and multiplied and brought forth so much that one of the (three) men had a herd of camels filling a valley, and one had a herd of cows filling a valley, and one had a flock of sheep filling a valley.

Then the angel, disguised in the shape and appearance of a leper, went to the leper and said, “I am a poor man, who has lost all means of livelihood while on a journey. So none will satisfy my need except Allah and then you. In the Name of Him Who has given you such nice color and beautiful skin, and so much property, I ask you to give me a camel so that I may reach my destination.” The man replied, “I have many obligations (so I cannot give you).” The angel said, “I think I know you; were you not a leper to whom the people had a strong aversion?

Weren’t you a poor man, and then Allah gave you (all this property)?” He replied, “(This is all wrong), I got this property through inheritance from my fore-fathers.” The angel said, “If you are telling a lie, then let Allah make you as you were before.”

Then the angel, disguised in the shape and appearance of a bald man, went to the bald man and said to him the same as he told the first one, and he too answered the same as the first one did. The angel said, “If you are telling a lie, then let Allah make you as you were before.”

The angel, disguised in the shape of a blind man, went to the blind man and said, “I am a poor man and a traveler, whose means of livelihood have been exhausted while on a journey. I have nobody to help me except Allah, and after Him, you yourself. I ask you in the Name of Him Who has given you back your eye-sight to give me a sheep, so that with its help, I may complete my journey.” The man said, “No doubt, I was blind and Allah gave me back my eye-sight; I was poor and Allah made me rich; so take anything you wish from my property. By Allah, I will not stop you for taking anything (you need) of my property which you may take for Allah’s sake.” The angel replied, “Keep your property with you. You (i.e., the three men) have been tested and Allah is pleased with you and is angry with your two companions.”

[Sahih Bukhari, Volume 4, Book 56: Virtues and Merits of the Prophet (pbuh) and his Companions, No. 670]

Story of Three persons blocked in a Cave

‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar (رضي الله عنه‏) narrated that Allaah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said:

“Three persons of a people before you, were on a journey when they were overtaken by a storm and therefore they took shelter in a cave. A rock slipped down from the mountain and blocked the exit from cave.

One of them said: “The only way for deliverance left is to beseech Allah in the name of some virtuous deed.” Thereupon one of them supplicated, “O Lord, my parents were very old, I used to offer them their nightly drink of milk before my children and the other members of the family. One day I went astray far away in search of green trees and could return only after my parent had gone to sleep. When I had milked the animals and brought their nightly drink to them, They were fast asleep, but I did not like to disturb them, nor would give any part of the milk to my children and other members of the family till after my parents had their drink. Thus, with the vessel in hand, I awaited their awakening till the flush of dawn, While the children cried out of hunger at my feet. When they woke up, they had their drink.

O Lord, if I did this thing seeking only your pleasure, then do relieve us of the distress wrought upon us by this rock.” Thereupon, The rock moved a little but that not enough to let them pass out.Then the second man supplicated: “O Lord, I had a cousin whom I loved her more passionately than any loves a woman. I tried to seduce her but she would have none of me, till in a season of great hardship due to famine, she approached me (for help) and I gave her one hundred and twenty Dinars on condition that she would have sexual intercourse with me. She agreed, and when we got together and I was just going to have intercourse with her, she pleaded: ‘Fear Allah, and do not break the seal unlawfully’; whereupon I moved away from her, despite the fact that I desired her most passionately; and I let her keep the money I had given her. O Lord, if I did this thing seeking only your pleasure, then do move the distress in which we find ourselves.” Again the rock moved a little but not enough to let them pass out.

Then the third supplicated: “O Lord, I hired some laborers and paid them their dues, but one of them left leaving behind what was due to him. I invested it in business and the business prospered greatly.” After a time the laborer came Back and said: ‘O servant of Allah, hand over to me my wages.’ I said to him: ‘All that you see is yours – camels, cattle, goats and slaves.’ He said: ‘Don’t play joke with me, O servant of Allah.’ I assured him: ‘I am not joking.’ So he took all of it sparing nothing. O Lord, If I did this seeking only for your pleasure, do relieve us of our distress.”

The rock then moved away, and all the three came out of the cave safe and sound.

[Sahih Bukhari, Volume 3, The Book of Hiring, No. 2134]
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TAWHEED (MONOTHEISM)

1) From Ibn Umar (رضي الله عنه‏) who said that Allah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said:

“I have been sent before the Hour so that Allaah alone should be worshipped without any partner for Him, and my provision has been placed beneath the shade of my spear, and subservience and humiliation have been placed upon those who disobey my orders, and whoever imitates a people then he is one of them.”

[Ahmad (no. 5114)]

2) Narrated Ibn Abbas (رضي الله عنه‏) :

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) sent Muadh to Yemen and said, “Invite the people to testify that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and I am Allah’s Apostle, and if they obey you to do so, then teach them that Allah has enjoined on them five prayers in every day and night (in twenty-four hours), and if they obey you to do so, then teach them that Allah has made it obligatory for them to pay the Zakat from their property and it is to be taken from the wealthy among them and given to the poor.”

[Sahih Bukhari, Volume 2, The Book of Funerals, No. 1316]

3) Narrated Mu’adh bin Jabal (رضي الله عنه‏) :

The Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said, “O Mu’adh! Do you know what Allah’s Right upon His slaves is?” I said, “Allah and His Apostle know best.” The Prophet said, “To worship Him (Allah) Alone and to join none in worship with Him (Allah). Do you know what their right upon Him is?” I replied, “Allah and His Apostle know best.” The Prophet said, “Not to punish them (if they do so).”

[Sahih Bukhari, Volume 9, The Book of Tawheed (Monotheism), No. 6897]
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